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Egypt’s strategic location between Asia and Africa on the route between the Mediterranean basin and India and China made it an important hub of international trade.

Egypt’s ambition is to develop its air cargo sector into a larger and more profitable industry with Cairo International Airport serving as a successful international cargo hub.

The major objective of the national strategy for air cargo is to stimulate and develop a financial & healthy air cargo industry in Egypt in the long term.
This requires all airports with modern, well organized and operated cargo facilities.

Looking to the Air Cargo Industry in Egypt, its potential growth as well as the current cargo facilities, it became vital for Cairo Airport to develop a new cargo facility (Cairo Cargo City “CCC”). Its purpose is to provide state of the art facilities to support the growth in cargo traffic which reached 285,677 tons with transit figures in 2008.

After finalizing the feasibility study in May 2007, the local firm "Hamza & Associates" in cooperation with Lufthansa Consulting was awarded the contract to plan and design the infrastructure and buildings for the new CCC. This has been completed in October 2008; CAC is in the process to initiate the necessary tender to start the construction work.

The first phase which will include a Cargo Terminal capable of handling 170,000 tones & two forwarders buildings is expected to go into operation in 2011. The second Terminal to be built in the second phase will add another 150,000 tons.

 
 
Existing Cargo Facilities
 
Statistics
 
The New Cargo City
 
Sea - Air Cargo
 

Existing Cargo Facilities

  1- Egypt Air terminal
 

The Egypt Air cargo terminal is commonly referred to as the “Cargo Village”. This cargo terminal was constructed in 1980. Since then Egypt Air established a full cargo operation at Cairo Airport. The dimensions of the cargo shed are approximately 63 m x 268 m = 16,800 m². The ULD staging area and truck court are both approximately 20 m depth and roughly 200 m wide.

In the current terminal layout, approximately 2/3 of the available space is dedicated to import and 1/3 to export. The terminal can handle all types of goods. It is equipped with a cold room, strong room for valuable items, chemical materials store and a store for radioactive materials. A veterinary center located just outside the airport customs area for handling of live animal. All perishable cargo transit through the perishable terminal.

  2- Perishable terminal
 

The Horticultural Export Improvement Association (HEIA) was founded in 1996 in order to stimulate the exports of perishables to Europe and the Middle East. The HEIA initiated the construction of the first dedicated perishable terminal on Cairo Airport. The perishable terminal is a major asset for closed cool chain provisioning. It has stimulated the export volume by decreasing the amount of lost perishables due to exposure to high outside temperatures.

The perishable terminal is funded by the Egyptian government and US Agency for International development (USAID). The total construction costs amounted to16 million Egyptian pounds. After a build, Operate and transfer (BOT) agreement of 15 years the perishable terminal will be owned by Cairo Airport Company. Currently the perishable terminal is operated by Egypt Air and Horticultural Export Improvement Association

The perishable terminal is built on an area of 24,000 m². And has a foot print of 8,000 m². It consists among others of a ground area for cooled storage (4,000 m²), expedition (730 m²), acceptance area (1,130 m²) and an import area (800 m²). Plans are being developed to expand the perishable terminal from the current 8,000 m² to 12,000 m² in total.

The perishable terminal has airside access; it is located approximately 500 m. from the tarmac. There is a large acceptance area with asphalt that is in a good state. The terminal has 4 loading docks that are suitable for large trucks.

The terminal has a modern appearance and layout. The working procedures and quality control are up to industry standards and are in compliance with ISO 9000.

  3- International Exporters Center (IEC)
  The IEC building is located just on the border of cargo area of Cairo Airport. The Building itself has a rather unconventional shape as a cargo terminal. The present user of the building, Lufthansa, has managed to establish a reasonably effective cargo operation in this building despite its shape.


  4- Air France / KLM
  Air France / KLM Airlines already developed an extension of 1,000 m² and invested in new equipment such a mobile x- rays.
  5- Saudia Arabian Airlines terminal
  Saudia Arabian Airlines is the sole user of their terminal and have a full cargo operation.
  6- Air Cargo Egypt (ACE)
  The ACE building was formerly known as International Air Cargo Company (IACC). The building is owned by a group of private investors. This terminal houses more than 10 airlines.
 
 

Statistics

  Air Cargo Figures since 1997
  The last 12 years showed a rise in the movement of cargo to/from Cairo airport, but the situation remains high in the old air cargo industry at Cairo Airport
 

Note

In 2007 & 2008 the transit figures were included which is (5,977) tons in 2007 and (7,098) tons in 2008

Major export commodities are:
The air cargo industry in Egypt still almost exclusively relies on Perishable as a main commodity.

- Perishable exports represent 60% to Europe (AMS-LHR-FRA)

- Textile exports represent 30% mainly to USA (JFK-LAX)

- Miscellaneous exports represent 10% (Personal effect - handicraft &
equipment).

Major import commodities are:

- Mainly from Europe (Equipment, foodstuff, vaccine, medicine… etc)

 

Terminal Analysis 2008 PDF

Cargo traffic forecast

We forecast that the volume will increase to more than 800.000 tones in 2025. Given the relative high growth in 2006 – 2007 and the first half of 2008 and the fact that business will continue on growing after 2025, we anticipate on an ultimate cargo volume of 1.0 million tons.

 
 
  • Projections 2025 more than 800,000 tons at CAI
  • High growth from 2004 to 2008 (+30%)
  • For planning ultimate volume 1.0 million tons
 
 

New Cargo City

 

Cairo Airport Company intends to develop an extension of the existing cargo area of Cairo International Airport, in order to accommodate the future growth of air cargo in Egypt. The total cargo area will be renamed Cairo Cargo City (CCC).

Click here for more information about this project.

  All in one bonded area
  The air cargo industry at Cairo Airport will show great development after completing the construction of Cairo Cargo City (CCC). This will make all stakeholders (shippers, freight forwarders, handling agent, export and import brokers, airlines, and last but not least, customs and other government authorities) in one bonded area, so as to accommodate the growth in traffic & ensure a smooth and safe handling for the transfer cargo. We expect phase1 of our project to be operated by the end of 2010 beginning of 2011.
 
  Phase 1
 

Cargo terminal 1

The total area is 29,914 m² divided into (23,914 m² as working area & 6,000 m² as offices divided into 2 floors) and includes:
1- Perishables center
2- Export & transit area
3- Import & transit area
4- Express area
5- Live animal center

   
 

Forwarders building 1:

The total area is 17,898 m² divided into (12,894 m² as storage area &
5,004 m² as offices area divided into 3 floors).

 
 

Forwarders building 2:

The total area is 11,935 m² divided into (8,167 m² storage areas & 3,768 m²
offices area divided into 3 floors).

 
 

Thus, the total area allocated for the freight forwarders is 29,833 m², divided into 21,061 m² of storage, packing, re-packing and processing. Moreover 8,772 m² of offices divided into three floors helping to save time, provide flexibility & circulate of information to forwarders and all involved in the supply chain.

This to facilitate the procedures and speeds up the implementation of shipping and customs clearance.

It also upgrades the service provided through Cairo Cargo City to accommodate the quality and safe transfer of cargo.

 

Trucks & Car’s parking:

1- Inside the bonded area:

There is one truck parking area beside the cargo terminal 1 with space for maneuvering, and over 50 truck spaces. Also there is a large space around the forwarder’s buildings that can accommodate more than 70 trucks. Opposite of CT1 there is space for 40 trucks, moreover a special parking area for dollies

2 – Outside the bonded area:

There is two storey car park containing more than 1200
car spaces and a truck parking for more than 50 trucks.

 

Fire Fighting:

There are two containers especially for fire fighting behind the water
tank, to give more safety & security measures.

 

Catering:

A special building for catering includes 2 floors (700 m² for each)
to provide the employees and customers with food & beverage.

  Phase 2
  In phase 2 we will add the cargo terminal 2 with a total area of 27, 237 m²
adding another 150,000 tons capacity,divided into (21,995 m² working
area and 5,242 m² offices area), to increase the quality level by
transferring all import movement to CT2 and making CT1 for export
movement & express.
 
  Cargo Community System (CCS)
 

Scope & objective

  • Electronic exchange of information and standard messages is a key success factor for an airport with high cargo ambitions
  • A quick scan feasibility study set the course for next steps
  • Focus on the Cairo air cargo community
  • Focus on business & technical level

  •   E – Freight
     

    We recognize the pressing need, and opportunity, to improve the efficiency and cost effectiveness of the air cargo supply chain. Today, the air cargo industry still almost exclusively relies on paper – based processes to support the movement of freight. The average shipment (MAWB) generates more than 30 document that are used and / or handled by the various parties involved – shippers, freight forwarders, handling agent, export and import brokers, airlines, and last but not least, customs and other government authorities.

    These paper-based processes are not cost effective, nor do they serve the pressing needs for security and speed that are the key characteristics of air cargo

    Thus, we join the IATA vision and mandate to lead an industry-wide project whose aim is to take paper out of the air supply chain, and create the conditions to replace the existing processes with new processes where the industry, and governments, relies on the electronic exchange of information between the parties to facilitate the movement of freight.

     
     

    Sea - Air Cargo

      Sea – Air Cargo Concept
     

    Cairo Airport Company fixed an overall Cargo strategy to develop Cairo International Airport into a cargo hub. One of the criteria of a cargo hub is the high percentage of transfer / transit cargo between the various modes of transport (sea, air, road and rail).

    Due to the geographical location of Egypt, Cairo qualifies as an air cargo hub between the Far East, Europe and Africa, and due to the Suez Canal as the link of shipping routes between Asia and Europe, Egypt also qualifies as sea cargo hub.

     
      The idea of the Sea - Air Cargo concept is to combine the geographical advantages of Egypt regarding Air and Sea cargo and the benefits of its economical system.
      The Sea Air Cargo concept is not only a change in the transportation mode, but it also implies an offer to the representatives of the logistics chain and the manufacturing industry to move forward and to prepare for future developments.
      Cairo Airport Company is currently studying the potential for implementing this concept in CAI.
      JUST-in-TIME Delivery
      Having a look at the various Egyptian participants in the Sea – Air
    Logistics chain and some other key elements for a successful implementation. It has to be noted that the Egyptian seaports Alexandria Port, PortSaid Port and Ain Sokhna Port are already well prepared for the cargo handling. Ain Sokhna Port has the best and shortest road connection to Cairo intl. Airport. Nevertheless, the trucking from the port to Cairo Intl. Airport will take approximately 3 hours.
      The Vessels shipping high value goods from Asia to Europe could make a stopover at any Egyptian Sea port located on their route.
      The Specific commodities could be unloaded, transported by truck to a free trade Zone at Cairo int’l airport, re-manufactured, re-packed or stored until a just time delivery requires them to be flown as belly cargo to European or African destinations.
    Free Trade Zone on Airport with bonded world class warehousing enabling unique just in time delivery.
      High value containerized cargo was identified as the target commodity of a further air transport from CAI.
      Join the win - win scenarios
      The Sea Air concept offers a trade-off between transportation and time.
      Reduce cost of shipping / delivery.
      Reduce cost of inventory.
      Reduce cost of Transportation duration.
      Reduce cost of re-manufacturing.
      Enable J.I.T delivery.
      Giving customers a unique opportunity for investment.
      The establishment of a free trade zone at Cairo intl. airport or its close vicinity could attract further manufacturing /transformation industries and would be an essential component for a successful sea-air concept.
       



        


     


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